Garaudy, Roger

(1913– )
   A French Marxist, born in Marseille, Garaudy was a leading figure and theorist in the French Communist Party (PCF) from the 1950s until his expulsion from the party in 1970. His chief contribution to Marxism lies in his increasingly liberal, humanistic and pluralistic interpretation of Marxism and his critique of Soviet Marxism.
   Garaudy’s humanistic interpretation of Marxism was apparent in his Perspectives de l’homme: existentialisme, pensée catholique, marxisme (1959) in which he also made positive comments regarding existentialism, phenomenology and Christianity. He continued these themes, moving away from all dogmatism and criticizing the Soviet system in further works such as From Anathema to Dialogue: A Marxist Challenge To The Christian Church (1966), Initiative in History: A ChristianMarxist Dialogue (1967), Crisis In Communism (1970) and Marxism in the Twentieth Century (1970). Garaudy rejected Marxist or- thodoxy and advocated the de-Stalinization and opening up of Marxism to nonorthodox and even non-Marxist points of view. For him Marxism was not an absolute truth but rather an intellectual truth aiding us in making the world intelligible rather than dictating our actions. Marxism helped to explain other theories and perspectives, but Garaudy rejected claims for it providing absolute knowledge.
   Garaudy’s academic career began at the Faculty of Letters of the University of Paris where he gained his doctorate in philosophy, and it continued with academic posts at the University of Albi (Algiers), the Lycée Buffon in Paris (1958–1959), the University of Clermont- Ferrand (1962–1965), and the University of Poitiers (1965, 1969–1973). He was also director of the Centre for Marxist Research and Study from 1960 to 1970. Politically Garaudy was an official in the political bureau of the PCF from 1956 until 1970, and his political posts included deputy to the First National Assembly (1946–1951), communist deputy to and vice president of the National Assembly (1956–1958), and communist member of the National Senate (1959–1962). In addition, he became editorial head of the radical French journal Alternatives socialistes in 1974.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • Garaudy, Roger — (1913 )    philosopher, political figure    Born in Marseille, Roger Garaudy served as a deputy (1945 51, 1956 58), then senator (195962), and as a member of the political bureau of the communist party. Although he was the formost intellectual… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Roger Garaudy — Roger (Raja) Garaudy Naissance 17 juillet 1913 (1913 07 17) (98 ans) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Garaudy — Roger Garaudy Roger Garaudy, né le 17 juillet 1913 à Marseille en France, est un universitaire, homme politique, philosophe et écrivain français. Sommaire 1 Biographie 1.1 Condamnation pour Les Mythes fondateurs de la politique israélienne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Garaudy — Roger Garaudy (* 17. Juli 1913 in Marseille) ist ein französischer Schriftsteller, Philosoph und früherer Kommunist. Nachdem er sich in den sechziger und siebziger Jahren dem Christentum zugewandt hatte, trat er 1982 zum Islam über. Es wird ihm… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roger Garaudy — (* 17. Juli 1913 in Marseille) ist ein französischer Schriftsteller, Philosoph und früherer Kommunist. Nachdem er sich in den sechziger und siebziger Jahren dem Christentum zugewandt hatte, trat er 1982 zum Islam über. Es wird ihm heute… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roger Garaudy — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Roger Garaudy o Ragaa (nacido el 17 de julio de 1913, en Marsella) es un filósofo y político francés autor de una cincuentena de libros, tratando particularmente la historia de las grandes figuras del comunismo y la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Roger Garaudy — or Ragaa (born July 17, 1913, in Marseille) is a French author, philosopher and politician. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s he was an important figure in the French Communist Party, and he has written over 50 books, chiefly on Marxist themes. He… …   Wikipedia

  • Garaudy —   [garo di], Roger, französischer Philosoph und Politiker, * Marseille 17. 7. 1913; seit 1962 Professor der Philosophie, leitete das »Centre d Études et de Recherches Marxistes«. Er war Mitglied der französischen KP, 1945 70 ihres ZK und 1956 70… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Roger Garaudy — (Marsella, 1913 ). Escritor, filósofo y político francés …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Liste der Biografien/Gar — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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